Ali Salmenbayev

ali.salmenbayev@yale.edu
Articles by Ali Salmenbayev

A Vicious Circle: How Did Russia End Up “Surrounded by Enemies”?

In a years-long attempt to reassert its influence in neighboring post-Soviet countries, and secure its borders from the West, Moscow has consistently been creating enemies along its borders. As of 2022, Russia is more than ever surrounded by hostile nations. The reason is Moscow’s unsustainable foreign policy, which creates more adversaries than allies, and thereby contradicts its strategic interests in the long run. 

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